Other insects

'Xylocopa' Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa violacea/valga)

'Xylocopa' Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa violacea/valga). Most are presumably Xylocopa violacea (Violet Carpenter Bee); only males of this species can be easily recognised by the two orange antennal segments, females (and male X. valga) require microscopic examination. In other words, 'collection'... something I never do.

This part of rural France is a superb place to study insects. The diversity of the countryside produces a diversity of insects not normally encountered in the UK outside of nature reserves. The existence of the hunting regime no doubt contributes, both through conserving woodland and by leaving fields fallow. Small fields like this can often be found around the periphery of villages - alive with butterflies and other insects by the end of April. Unfortunately these fields are the most vulnerable to housing development, whilst village centres sometimes fall into decay.
That said, for us the single most important habitat for insects has been our garden. One quickly discovers the importance of fruit trees, particularly those that blossom early like plum. These provide the launch pad for an increasing number and variety of insects throughout the summer and into the autumn - providing one plants a succession of pollen-rich flowering plants. I'm no gardener, but my wife sows from seed many plants like Honesty, Aquilegia, Borage, Giant Bellflower and Michaelmas Daisy - all both pleasing to the eye and great for insects. Together with the succession of fruit blossoms through to apple and pear, and flowering shrubs/climbers like Wisteria, Buddlea and Ivy, a small garden can provide plenty of interest for up to eight months of the year.

OTHER INSECTS GALLERY

FLICKR PHOTOSTREAM

Reference sources; books;

'Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe'. Michael Chinery, London, 1986. The ultimate 'gateway' book and totally indispensible, even today. A work of genius.
The order of insect species broadly follows this guide, except where stated

'Orthopteres de France, Belgique, Luxembourg & Suisse', Sardet/Roesti/Braud, Biotope Editions 2015. Wonderful new guide to Grasshoppers, Bush-crickets and Crickets of France

A Field Guide to Grasshoppers and Crickets of Britain and Northern Europe, Heiko Bellman, Collins 1988. A super little book if you can find a copy.

'Britain's Hoverflies: An Introduction to the Hoverflies of Britain', Ball/Morris, WILDGuides 2013

'Field Guide to the Bees of Great Britain and Ireland', Falk/Lewington, Bloomsbury 2015

Reference sources; websites;

Insects - general...

David Element's Wildlife Web
Le Monde des Insectes
eurospiders.com
British Bugs
Insectoid.Info
NatureSpot
lastdragon.org
robberflies.info
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Longhorn Beetles of the W. Palearctic
Beetle fauna of Germany
Diptera.info
Discover Life - Insects
The Garden Safari
Grasshoppers of Europe

Flickr Navigate to Steven Falk's collections... (non-linkable) Very useful for all insect families covered by him so far.

Hoverflies...

LifeDesks - Syrphidae
Hoverfly Recording Scheme (UK)
Nature Guide UK - Hoverflies
Diptera.info

Bees, bumblebees, wasps...

bumblebeeconservation.org
bumblebee.org
BWARS - Superb site, also gives European distribution
Atlas of European Bees
The Garden Safari - Hymenoptera
BTO - Garden Bumblebees
Dutch Bees
Discover Life - Bees and Wasps
Hymettus
Natural England - Help Save the Bumblebee
French species list - Bombus


Mayfly (Ephemera) sp.
Hairy-footed Flower Bee (Anthophora plumipes) F
Robber fly (Asilidae), Machimus sp.













List of species observed in the southern Vienne/Brenne since our arrival in January 2006.


Mayflies (Ephemeroptera)

Ephemera sp. (Mayfly sp.)

Grasshoppers, Bush-crickets and Crickets (Orthoptera)

Order follows the list in 'Orthopteres de France, Belgique, Luxembourg & Suisse', Sardet/Roesti/Braud, Biotope Editions, 2015

Phaneroptera falcata (Sickle-bearing Bush-cricket)
Leptophyes punctatissima (Speckled Bush-cricket)
Conocephalus fuscus (Long-winged Conehead)
Conocephalus dorsalis (Short-winged Conehead)
Ruspolia nitidula nitidula (Large Conehead)
Tettigonia viridissima (Great Green Bush-cricket)
Platycleis albopunctata albopunctata (Grey Bush-cricket)
Tessellana tessellata tessellata (Brown-spotted Bush-cricket)
Roeseliana roeselii (Roesel's Bush-cricket)
Pholidoptera griseoaptera (Dark Bush-cricket)

Gryllus campestris (Field Cricket)
Nemobius sylvestris (Wood Cricket)
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (Mole Cricket)

Tetrix subulata (Slender Groundhopper)

Calliptamus italicus italicus (Italian Locust)
Calliptamus barbarus barbarus (Barbarian Grasshopper)
Oedipoda Caerulescens caerulescens (Blue-winged Grasshopper)
Aiolopus thalassinus thalassinus (Long-winged Grasshopper)
Mecostethus parapleurus parapleurus (Leek Grasshopper)
Stethophyma grossum (Large Marsh Grasshopper)
Paracinema tricolor bisignata (Tricolor Grasshopper)
Omocestus rufipes (Woodland Grasshopper)
Gomphocerippus rufus (Rufous Grasshopper)
Pseudochorthippus parallelus parallelus (Meadow Grasshopper)
Chorthippus dorsatus dorsatus (Steppe Grasshopper)
Chorthippus albomarginatus albomarginatus (Lesser Marsh Grasshopper)
Chorthippus brunneus brunneus (Common Field Grasshopper)
Chorthippus biguttulus biguttulus (Bow-winged Grasshopper)
Euchorthippus declivus (Common Straw Grasshopper)
Euchorthippus elegantulus (Elegant Straw Grasshopper)

Mantids and Stick Insects (Dictyoptera, Phasmida)

Mantis religiosa (Praying Mantis)
Clonopsis gallica (French Stick Insect)

Bugs (Hemiptera)

Graphosoma italicum (AC Milan Beetle)
Palomena prasina (Green Shieldbug)
Nezara viridula (Southern Green Shieldbug)
Carpocoris fuscispinus (Shield bug sp.)
Dolycoris baccarum (Sloe Bug, Hairy Shieldbug)
Coreus marginatus (Dock Bug)
Verlusea rhombea (Squash bug sp.)
Coriomeris denticulatus (Denticulate Leatherbug)
Rhopalus sp. (Squash bug sp.)
Corizus hyoscyami (Black & Red Squash Bug)
Camptopus lateralis (Broad-headed Bug)
Pyrrhocoris apterus (Fire Bug)
Spilostethus pandurus (Ground bug sp.)
Deraeocoris ruber (Red Bug)
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)
Calocoris nemoralis (Mirid bug sp.)
Leptopterna dolabrata (Meadow Plant Bug)

Gerris lacustris (Common Pond Skater)
Ranatra linearis (Water Stick Insect)
Corixidae sp. (Water Boatman sp.)

Stictocephala bisonia (Buffalo Treehopper)
Cercopis vulnerata (Black & Red Froghopper)
Cicadella viridis (Green Leafhopper)

Antlions, Lacewings and allies (Neuroptera)

Distoleon tetragrammicus (Antlion sp.)
Libelloides coccajus (Ascalaphid sp.)
Chrysopa perla (Green Lacewing)
Sialis lutaria (Alder Fly)

Scorpion Flies (Mecoptera)

Panorpa meridionalis (Scorpion Fly sp.)

Western Bee-fly (Bombylius canescens)
Hornet (Vespa crabro)
Roesel's Bush-cricket (Metrioptera roeselii) M
Mason bee sp. Osmia cornuta












True flies (Diptera)

Tipula paludosa (European Crane Fly)
Nephrotoma appendiculata (Spotted Crane Fly)
Ctenophora festiva (Crane fly sp.)

Chloromyia formosa (Broad Centurian)
Tabanus sp. (Horsefly sp.)

Bombylius canescens (Western Bee-fly)
Bombylius major (Dark-edged Bee-fly)
Hemipenthes morio (Bee-fly sp.)

Asilis crabroniformis (Hornet Robberfly)
Choerades gilvus (Ginger Robberfly)
Asilidae (Machimus) sp. (Robberfly sp.)
Asilidae sp. (Robberfly sp.)
Thereva sp. (Stiletto fly sp.)
Conops silaceus (Thick-headed fly sp.)
Physocephala chrysorrhoea (Thick-headed fly sp.)
Sicus ferrugineus (Thick-headed fly sp.)
Orellia falcata (Tephritid fly sp.)

Phasia aurulans (Tachinid fly sp.)
Phasia aurigera (Tachinid fly sp.)
Cylindromyia bicolor (Tachinid fly sp.)
Tachina fera (Tachinid fly sp.)
Tachina grossa (Giant Tachinid Fly)
Gymnosoma rotundatum (Tachinid fly sp.)

Sarcophaga sp. (Flesh fly sp.)
Calliphoridae sp. (Greenbottle sp.)
Stomorhina lunata (Blow fly sp.)
Musca domestica (Common House Fly)
Scathophaga stercoraria (Yellow Dung Fly)

Hoverflies (Diptera, family Syrphidae)

Order alphabetical. Common names appear to be a matter of conjecture - the more established ones are added in brackets;

Chrysotoxum festivum (Beaded Chrysotoxum)
Chrysotoxum vernale
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmalade Hoverfly)
Eristalis arbustorum (Plain-faced Dronefly)
Eristalis nemorum (Stripe-faced Dronefly)
Eristalis pertinax (Tapered Dronefly)
Eristalis similis (Glass-winged Dronefly)
Eristalis tenax (Stripe-eyed Dronefly)
Eristalinus sepulchralis (Small Spotty-eyed Dronefly)
Eupeodes corollae
Helophilus pendulus (Common Tiger Hoverfly)
Helophilus trivittatus (Large Tiger Hoverfly)
Milesia crabroniformis
Myathropa florea
Platycheirus sp(s)
Rhingia campestris (Common Snout-hoverfly)
Scaeva pyrastri
Scaeva selenitica/Scaeva dignota
Sphaerophoria scripta (Long Hoverfly)
Spilomyia triangulata
Syritta pipiens
Syrphus ribessii/Syrphus rectus
Syrphus torvus
Syrphus vitripennis/Syrphus torvus
Volucella inflata (Cossus Hoverfly)
Volucella pellucens (Large Pied Hoverfly)
Volucella zonaria (Hornet Hoverfly)
Xanthogramma pedissequum (Superb Ant-hill Hoverfly)
Xanthogramma pedissequum/Xanthogramma stackelbergi

Scaeva pyrastri F
Eristalis nemorum (Stripe-faced Dronefly)
Eristalis nemorum (Stripe-faced Dronefly)















Wasps, Bees and relatives (Hymenoptera)

Macrophya montana (Sawfly sp.)
Arge pagana (Large Rose Sawfly)
Tenthredo scrophulariae (Figwort Sawfly)

Brachymeria tibialis (Chalcid wasp sp.)
Gasteruption jaculator (Parasitic wasp sp.)
Leucospis dorsigera (Parasitic wasp sp.)
Ophion sp. (Parasitic wasp sp.)
Ichneumon sarcitorius (Parasitic wasp sp.)
Isodontia mexicana (Grass-carrying Wasp)
Chrysis sp. (Ruby-tailed wasp sp.)
Tiphia femorata (Beetle-killing Wasp)
Scolia hirta (Hairy Flower Wasp)
Lestica clypeata (Digger wasp sp.)
Cerceris rybyensis (Ornate-tailed Digger Wasp)
Philanthus triangulum (European Bee Wolf)
Episyron sp. (Spider-hunting wasp sp.)
Eumenes coarctatus (Heath Potter Wasp)
Ancistrocerus nigricornis (Solitary wasp sp.)
Vespula vulgaris (Common Wasp)
Vespa crabro (Hornet)
Vespa velutina (Asian Hornet)
Polistes dominula/gallicus (Paper wasp sp.)

For bees order follows the list in 'Field Guide to the Bees of Great Britain and Ireland', Falk/Lewington, Bloomsbury 2015

Colletes hederae (Ivy Bee)
Hylaeus sp. (Yellow-face Bee sp)
Andrena agilissima (Violet-winged Mining-bee)
Andrena angustior (Groove-faced Mining Bee)
Andrena flavipes (Yellow-legged Mining Bee)
Halictus quadricinctus (Giant Furrow Bee)
Halictus scabiosae (Great Banded Furrow Bee)
Lasioglossum calceatum (Common Furrow Bee)
Anthidium septemspinosum (Megachilidae bee sp.)
Osmia cornuta (Mason bee sp.)
Megachile centuncularis (Patchwork Leaf-cutter Bee)
Coelioxys sp. (Sharp-tailed bee sp.)
Eucera sp. (Long-horned bee sp.)
Anthophora plumipes (Hairy-footed Flower Bee)
Xylocopa violacea (Violet Carpenter Bee)
(?)'Xylocopa' Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa valga)

Bombus hortorum (Garden Bumblebee)
Bombus soroeensis (Broken-belted bumblebee)
Bombus lapidarius (Red-tailed Bumblebee)
Bombus terrestris/lucorum (Buff/White-tailed Bumblebee)*
*NB: European (continental) B. terrestris has a whitish tail and paler yellow bands!
Bombus sp. (Carder bee sp.)
Bombus pratorum (Early Bumblebee)
Bombus ruderarius (Red-shanked Carder Bee)
Bombus ruderatus (Large Garden Bumblebee)
Bombus sylvarum (Shrill Carder Bee)

Apis mellifera (Western Honey Bee)

Hairy-footed Flower Bee (Anthophora plumipes) F
Garden bumblebee (Bombus hortorum)
Carder-bee (Bombus) sp.











Beetles (Coleoptera)

Cicindela campestris (Green Tiger Beetle)
Cicindela hybrida (Dune Tiger Beetle)
Dorcus parallelipipedus (Lesser Stag Beetle)
Lucanus cervus (Stag Beetle)
Sinodendron cylindricum (Rove beetle sp.)
Geotrupes stercoriarius (Dor Beetle)
Copris lunaris (Scarab beetle sp.)
Melolontha melolontha (Cockchafer)
Amphimallon solstitialis (Summer Chafer)
Hoplia caerulea (Blue Chafer)
Trichius fasciatus/zonatus (Bee beetle sp.)
Oxythyrea funesta (Chafer beetle sp.)
Cetonia aurata (Rose Chafer)
Cetonia aeruginosa (Chafer beetle sp.)
Epicometis hirta (Hairy Beetle)
Anthaxia millefolii polychloros (Jewel beetle sp.)
Lampyris noctiluca (Glow Worm)
Cantharis rustica (Rustic Sailor Beetle)
Cantharis fusca (Soldier beetle sp.)
Rhagonycha fulva (Common Red Soldier Beetle)
Clerus mutillarius (Soldier beetle sp.)
Trichodes apiarius (Soldier beetle sp.)
Pyrochroa serraticornis (Cardinal beetle sp.)
Coccinella 7-puntata (7-Spot Ladybird)
Psyllobora 22-punctata (22-Spot Ladybird)
Adalia bipuntacta (2-Spot Ladybird)
Oedemera nobilis (False Oil Beetle)
Meloe violaceus (Oil beetle sp.)
Clytus arietis (Wasp Beetle)
Strangalia cf maculata (Black & Yellow Longhorn Beetle)
Stictoleptura cordigera (Longhorn beetle sp.)
Brachyleptura fulva (Longhorn beetle sp.)
Timarcha tenebricosa (Bloody-nosed Beetle)
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado Beetle)
Lixus paraplecticus (Weevil sp.)
Curculio venosus (Acorn Weevil)
Larinus australis (Weevil sp.)
Dytiscus marginalis (Great Diving Beetle)
Acilius sulcatus (Lesser Diving Beetle)

Other arthropods

Scutigera coleoptrata (House Centipede)
Tachypodoiulus niger (Black Millipede)

Tetragnatha striata (Striped Stretch-spider)
Tetragnatha extensa (Common Stretch-spider)
Araneus diadematus (Garden Spider)
Argiope bruennichi (Wasp Spider)
Pisaura mirabilis (Nursery Web Spider)
Dolomedes fimbriatus/D. plantarius (Raft/Great Raft Spider)
Xysticus audax (Crab spider sp.)
Xysticus cristatus (Crab spider sp.)
Xysticus robustus (Crab spider sp.)
Misumena vatia (Crab spider sp.)
Synema globosum (Crab spider sp.)
Misumena vatia (Goldenrod Crab Spider)